TROUBADISC Music Production
 
0 Items in your
cart / Terms
View shopping cart
DEUTSCH
ENGLISH
 Composers |  Schnittke |
search

TROUBADISC Composers

Bacewicz |Bach |Bartók |Bliss |Bloch |Boulanger |Khachaturian |Coates |Dinescu |Genzmer |Hartmann |Haydn |Hindemith |Honegger |Kodály |Lutyens |Maconchy |Marbe |Maric |Martin |Martynov |Fanny Mendelssohn |Felix Mendelssohn |Milhaud |Nicolau |Pärt |Ravel |Reger |Schnittke |Schubert |Schulhoff |Clara Schumann |Robert Schumann |Senfter |Silvestrov |Skalkottas |Smyth |Stravinsky |Tailleferre |Tormis |Uibo |Vieru |Weber |Weinberg |

Alfred Schnittke

biography

"I endeavor to capture my sound visions, as they come to me, as precisely as possible in notes."                 (Alfred Schnittke)

Alfred Garrievich Schnittke was born on 24 November 1934 in Engels in southern Russia. On his mother’s side he was of Volga German and Roman Catholic extraction, on his father’s side he was German-Jewish. His sense that his background set him apart from the majority in the USSR was reinforced when, from 1945-48, his father was posted to Vienna, and the delighted boy discovered Austro-German cultural and musical traditions.

He entered the Moscow Conservatory in 1953, completed post-graduate work in 1961, and from then on earned his living, partly by teaching, partly by writing for the cinema (nearly 70 scores in 30 years). Fired by the rebellious modernism prevailing in Moscow in the early 1960s, Schnittke embarked on a voyage of compositional discovery. His works of the 1960s show him embracing the modernist and avant-garde fascinations of the time. Outstanding among his pieces of this period are 2 violin sonatas (1964, 1968), and the String Quartet No.1 and Violin Concerto No.2 (both 1966).

In 1972 he finished the massive First Symphony, blending Soviet symphonic thought, often parodied, with highly experimental elements. This powerful work established him as a leader of Soviet modern music, loathed by the authorities and adored by the anti-Soviet ‘underground’. Later came the hauntingly simple Piano Quintet (1976), and the comically sinister Concerto Grosso No.1 (1977). All three pieces have taken his name all over the world.

String concertos play a large part in Schnittke’s output and reflect his close friendship with some of the leading players
of his time. For such stars he has written 4 violin concertos,
a viola concerto, 2 cello concertos, 6 concerti grossi and much else besides. Symphonies continued to be important. At the time of his death he had sketched, but not finished, a Ninth. He also wrote much chamber music.

In 1985 Schnittke suffered a stroke which left him in bad health for the rest of his life. Far from impeding him, however, sickness seems to have released an inner torrent and in later years he became prolific, answering each successive brush with death with a further flood of music. And with each new work he moved further from the more playful and satirical modernism of his earlier pieces into a dark and often difficult but always personal world where spiritual concerns and religious themes predominate. In his last years he and his wife moved to Hamburg, where he died on 3 August 1998.

Reprinted by kind permission of Gerard McBurney/Boosey & Hawkes


“My musical development proceeded by way of piano concert music, neoclassical schoolbook wisdom, and eclectic synthesis experiments (Orff and Schönberg), and also knew the inevitable virility tests of serial self-denial. Having reached the last station, I decided to continue along on foot. […] Initially (in the serial method) everything seemed to run smoothly, but then I could no longer hold back the question: Why has composing all at once become so easy? Yes, certainly, one requires a lot of time for each piece, but this time is filled out with brainwork and not with moral effort. One no longer has anything to decide; everything is decided by itself, as soon as the law of the piece has been found. […] So I looked for a possibility to lend my music a richer associative content. I tried to surrender myself romantically to my feelings."
Alfred Schnittke


O




 
LAST Change: Friedemann Kupsa
(28.01.2015 - 21:22 Uhr)

CMS myty by tyclipso.net ©2005
troubadisc.de a belle artes project
 

Photo: Archiv Jürgen Köchel